how do you create a patrol map

How to Create a Patrol Map: A Guide for Effective School Security

What is a Patrol Map?

Patrol Map in Education

A patrol map is a strategic tool that is created to determine specific routes or areas that need monitoring or surveillance. It is an important tool in education as it helps to ensure the safety and security of students, staff, and visitors. The map is used to identify areas that are vulnerable to potential security threats and helps to organize and plan on how to respond to any situation if it arises. Patrol maps are used by schools, universities, and other institutions to maintain safety and order within their campuses or premises.

The key objective of patrol maps is to identify the areas where surveillance and monitoring are needed to reduce or prevent the occurrence of security incidents. Patrol maps are created with the aim of outlining patrol routes and target locations that require close monitoring. The patrolling routes and schedules of the security guard are also included in the map to provide direction and clarity on the security protocols being implemented. With the patrol map, security personnel can easily navigate through the school, university or institution’s premises, and ensure that all the potential security threats are well-monitored.

Patrol maps are important tools in situations where incidents that require immediate actions occur, such as natural disasters, fire outbreaks, unauthorized activities, or security breaches. The map enables quick-response teams and security personnel to locate and address any situation in a timely manner. It also helps management to get a clear view of the institution’s security status and make appropriate changes or upgrade the security system if needed.

Another advantage of having a patrol map in education is that it enhances the coordination of security teams and school management. The patrol map shows the security protocols and areas that need monitoring, as well as the responsible security officer or team assigned to patrol each zone. In turn, this strengthens interdepartmental communication and collaboration among the security team, management, and other school staff members. It ensures that all stakeholders have a clear understanding of the security protocols and their roles in ensuring that everyone is safe within the premises.

To effectively create a patrol map, schools and universities need to consider different factors, such as the size of the premises, the number of buildings and students, the layout of the school building, and existing security systems. A thorough and accurate patrol map is crucial to the security planning and management process. It will help identify the areas that need improvements, what changes need to be made, and ensure that all protocols are in place to prevent any potential security issues.

In conclusion, patrol maps are essential tools in education for maintaining order, safety, and security. They provide the basis for the security system planning and enhance the coordination of security teams and management. By creating a patrol map, schools and universities can take a proactive approach to the safety and security of their campuses. With the understanding of what a patrol map is and why it is important, educational institutions can effectively safeguard their students, staff, and visitors.

Determining the Specific Boundaries and Points of Interest for the Area that Needs Patrolling

Boundaries and Points of Interest for Patrol Map

Creating a patrol map is one of the most essential tasks that a security team or any organization with security responsibilities can undertake. A patrol map provides a guide on a map that outlines areas that need patrols, routes that should be taken, and points of interest. This approach helps to ensure that when patrolling, the patrol team covers all required locations and checks everything that’s necessary.

The first and most critical step to creating a patrol map is to determine the specific boundaries and points of interest for the area that needs patrolling. You must understand the boundary of the area where the patrol team is supposed to work. It’s essential to specify whether it’s a small or large area, such as a warehouse, shopping center, or residential community. The team must also establish the boundaries of the area, including the outer perimeter, gates, exits, and entry points.

In addition to identifying the boundaries of the area to be patrolled, the team must also establish the points of interest within the area. Such points may include fire exits, first aid stations, gas and water lines, communication systems, or any other critical entry points. Identifying all these points ensures that the team can perform their duties with utmost ease, without missing anything that might need attention.

Another critical aspect of determining boundaries is to understand the potential threat areas of the property. Threat areas are either areas where theft is likely to occur or any place where someone could break into the property. It’s important to identify these areas because it helps the team to plan the patrol routes more efficiently. When the patrolling team understands potential threat areas, they can increase security measures in these areas, such as adding more cameras to the vicinity. Alternatively, the team can reduce patrols in less important areas, thus minimizing resources and time spent patrolling.

Determining specific boundaries is crucial for different reasons. Creating a patrol map without identifying the boundaries of the area might lead to lax security strategy. Without a clear picture of the physical boundaries of the area to be patrolled, patrolling may overlap, or some areas may be missed altogether. More critically, not identifying potential threat areas within the property may lead to the risk of unauthorized entry, security breaches, theft, or other harmful situations. The team must ensure to determine the areas where crimes are most likely to occur so that they increase or reduce their patrols, respectively.

In conclusion, determining specific boundaries and points of interest helps security teams to create a more efficient and effective patrol map. The team must understand the area, the boundaries of the area, and potential threat areas within the property or community. Once the team has established the boundaries and points of interest, it can easily identify the patrol routes and checkpoints that cover the entire area to help maximize security measures. Employing these strategies helps to reduce losses to theft and provides more security measures for the property, people, or assets associated with the area.

Determine the Frequency and Time of Patrols

Patrol map frequency and time

Determining the frequency and time of patrols is an essential step in creating a patrol map. It ensures that the patrol is effective and efficient in preventing or solving issues that may arise. Factors such as the needs of the area and the availability of the patrollers will be considered when establishing the frequency and time of patrols. Here are the steps on how to determine the frequency and time of patrols for your patrol map:

Step 1: Identify the Needs of the Area

Patrol map area needs

The first step in determining the frequency and time of patrols is identifying the needs of the area. A thorough assessment of the area will help identify the frequency and timings of patrols. The assessment should include an analysis of the area’s crime rates, ongoing issues, potential risks, and peak hours of activity. For instance, if the area has high crime rates, it may require more frequent patrols, especially during peak hours. Analyzing the area’s needs will help identify the best frequency and time of patrols to address the issues at hand.

Step 2: Evaluate the Available Resources

Patrol map resources evaluation

The next step is to evaluate the available resources, such as the number of patrollers and their skills and expertise. The patrol map should work around the availability of patrollers to ensure that there is enough patrol coverage at all times. For instance, if the patrol requires two patrollers per shift, but there are only four patrollers available, it may be necessary to adjust the frequency and time of patrols to accommodate the available resources.

Step 3: Determine the Frequency and Time of Patrols

Patrol map determine frequency and time

After identifying the area’s needs and evaluating the available resources, you can determine the frequency and time of patrols that will be effective for your patrol map. It is essential to establish a reasonable frequency and time of patrols that will address the identified needs and work around the available resources. This means adjusting the frequency and time of patrols to ensure that there is enough coverage to prevent any potential issues from arising. For instance, if the area needs frequent patrols due to high crime rates, you can consider having patrols every hour. You can also adjust the patrolling times, for example, increasing patrolling during peak activity times. Establishing a well thought out frequency and time of patrols will ensure that the patrol map is effective and efficient in preventing, solving, and managing issues in the area.


Creating a patrol map is a crucial aspect of ensuring the safety and security of an area. The frequency and time of patrols play a fundamental role in the success of any patrol map. Determining the frequency and time of patrols requires identifying the needs of the area and evaluating the available resources. Once identified, the frequency and time of patrols must be adjusted to provide effective and efficient patrol coverage. By following these steps, you can create an effective patrol map that caters to the needs of the area and ensures the safety of the residents.

Create a Basic Map

Create a Basic Map

If you are wondering how to create a basic patrol map, it is important to know what the essential components are. You need to sketch a map of the area to be patrolled, incorporating important landmarks and potential hazards. The purpose of any map is to communicate something, to make it easy to understand and to provide information that helps in decision-making. A good patrol map is necessary because it ensures that all areas and points of interest are covered and that the patrol is thorough.

A map is a visual representation of an area that is scaled down to fit on a piece of paper. A basic patrol map should be drawn in such a way that it shows the area to be covered in detail. It should have a legend that explains what symbols, colors, or lines represent.

The first step in creating a basic patrol map is to decide on the area that needs to be patrolled. This could be a building, a neighborhood, a park, or any other place that requires patrol. Once you have chosen the area, sketch the map by hand on a piece of paper. You don’t have to be an artist to draw a map that is understandable. Just make sure that you include all the important details and that it’s scaled appropriately.

Make sure that the map includes the relevant landmarks that will help you to navigate. These may include buildings, trees, or other easily identifiable landmarks. You should also include any potential hazards such as steep slopes, areas with low visibility, or uneven terrain. Such details are important as they can be the difference between a successful and an unsuccessful patrol.

When you’re done, be sure to attach a compass rose if you plan on using a compass during your patrol. A compass rose is a circular figure on the map that indicates the cardinal directions, including north, south, east and west. It is important for the compass rose to be aligned with the true north so that you can accurately navigate the area being patrolled.

Remember that the patrol map should be simple, clear and easy to read. It should help your patrol team understand the areas they need to cover, where they should start and end, and what the potential hazards are.

Once you have created a basic patrol map, the next step is to make copies. All members of the patrol team should have a copy of the map. This way, they can refer to it if they get lost, need to navigate through potentially dangerous areas, or simply to ensure that they are covering all the important areas.

In conclusion, creating a basic patrol map involves sketching a map of the area to be patrolled, including important landmarks and potential hazards. Ensure that the map is simple, clear, and easy to read. Also, make sure that all members of your patrol team have a copy of the map to ensure that the patrol is thorough and all areas of interest are covered.

Add Detailed Information to the Map

Add Detailed Information to the Map

Creating a patrol map is a vital step in ensuring the safety and security of a particular area. However, to make the most out of this tool, it is essential to add more layers of detail to the map. This section will discuss how you can add additional information to your patrol map, including accessibility points, lighting, and activity areas.

Accessibility points refer to the entry and exit points that people can use to access the area. For example, a park’s accessibility points could be marked with blue dots on the map. Parking areas can also be marked with black dots, and public transportation stops can be marked with yellow dots. By doing this, the patrol officers can quickly identify where people are likely to enter and exit the area and plan their patrols accordingly.

Lighting is another layer of detail that can be added to the map. It is critical to identify which areas are well-lit and those that need additional lighting. This can be marked on the map using different symbols or colors. A street with no lighting can be highlighted with a red line, while a well-lit street can be marked with a green line. This information will come in handy when planning patrols during the night or early morning.

Activity areas or hotspots can also be marked on the map. This refers to places where people gather or engage in particular activities. For example, a park’s playground could be marked as a hotspot as it is likely to be crowded during certain times of the day. Identifying hotspots can help patrol officers monitor those areas, prevent any potential security threats, and also be present as a positive influence, fostering community safety and reducing criminal activity in the area.

Other areas that can be added to the map include forbidden zones such as private properties or restricted areas such as government installations, hazardous areas zones, evacuation routes or exits, among others. By adding these areas and indicating them on the map, patrol officers will be aware of which areas to avoid or approach with caution.

In conclusion, creating a detailed patrol map is an integral part of enhancing security in a particular area. By adding multiple layers of detail such as accessibility points, lighting, hotspots, forbidden zones, and other important areas, patrol officers will be able to plan and execute their patrols efficiently and effectively.

Train Patrollers and Distribute the Map

Train Patrollers and Distribute the Map

Creating a patrol map is a great way to keep your patrol team organized and efficient. However, simply creating a patrol map is not enough to ensure that it is effectively utilized during patrols. It is important to train patrollers on the details of the map and ensure that they have access to it during their patrols.

Firstly, it is essential to train patrollers on how to read and interpret the map. This includes identifying key locations, understanding the designated patrol areas, and recognizing any potential hazards or areas of concern. Providing patrollers with a detailed explanation of the map and its features will ensure that they are equipped with the knowledge needed to navigate effectively during patrols.

In addition to training, it is important to provide patrollers with access to the map during their patrols. This can be achieved by creating physical copies of the map and distributing them to each member of the patrol team. Alternatively, digital copies of the map can be uploaded to mobile devices or other portable devices to ensure easy access during patrols.

It is also important to train patrollers on the importance of utilizing the map during their patrols. Patrollers should be encouraged to reference the map periodically during their patrol to ensure that they are staying on track and covering all designated areas. By regularly checking the map, patrollers can also identify areas that may require additional attention or follow-up during future patrols.

Regular training sessions should be conducted to ensure that all patrollers are equipped with the necessary skills and knowledge to utilize the map effectively. These training sessions can also serve as an opportunity to address any questions or concerns that may arise during patrols.

Moreover, incorporating the patrol map into the overall patrol plan can help to improve the effectiveness of patrols. This can be achieved by setting up a schedule for patrols and ensuring that designated patrol areas are clearly defined on the map. By integrating the map into the patrol plan, patrollers can better understand their responsibilities and can conduct patrols efficiently and effectively.

Overall, training patrollers on the details of the patrol map and ensuring that they have access to it during their patrols is an essential component of creating an effective patrol system. By keeping patrollers informed and equipped with the necessary tools, you can help to ensure that patrols are conducted smoothly and efficiently.

Why Updating Your Patrol Map Regularly Is Important

Patrol Map Update

Creating a patrol map is essential for any security team responsible for maintaining and controlling an area. It helps the team to know the layout of the area, understand potential risks, and anticipate any emergencies. However, simply creating a map is not enough. You must continuously update the map to reflect changes in the area and to improve its accuracy and usefulness.

By keeping your patrol map up to date, you can stay ahead of any changes in the area. For example, suppose your area undergoes construction, adding or removing buildings, roads, or infrastructure. In that case, this will directly affect your patrol process and routes as well as the security risks that may arise. By the time you learn of the changes, it may be too late to respond efficiently or effectively. This can lead to missed opportunities or unpreventable incidents that could have been avoided if you had updated your patrol map in time.

Additionally, updating your patrol map can help you to improve its accuracy and usefulness. Over time, some routes may become less efficient, while others may become more optimal. By regularly updating your map, you can identify these changes, optimize your patrol routes, and adapt to new circumstances or emergencies more easily. You can also add new details to the map, such as security cameras, lighting fixtures, or safe zones that can benefit your team in the long run.

For instance, suppose you notice an increase in crime within your area of patrol. In that case, you can add more surveillance cameras that cover the high-risk areas or update your patrol routes to cover these areas more thoroughly. These updates can help to deter crime and make your area safer for everyone. Regular updates can also help you to respond to any new threats quickly and efficiently, which can make your team more confident and effective in carrying out their duties.


In conclusion, updating your patrol map regularly is essential in maintaining security within your area of responsibility. By keeping your map up to date, you can stay ahead of any changes in the area and improve its accuracy and usefulness. This can help you to optimize your patrol routes, identify new threats or risks, and respond to emergencies more efficiently. Remember, creating a patrol map is only the first step towards ensuring security within your area of responsibility. Keep updating your map regularly to avoid any incidents or missed opportunities and make your team more effective in fulfilling their duties.

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