how did the israelites become enslaved in egypt quizlet

How Did the Israelites Become Enslaved in Egypt: A Quizlet Guide

The Story of Joseph

Joseph in Egypt

The story of how the Israelites became enslaved in Egypt begins with Joseph, one of Jacob’s twelve sons. Joseph was well-liked by his father and was given a special coat of many colors, which made his brothers jealous. One day, his brothers sold him into slavery and told their father that Joseph had been killed by a wild animal.

Joseph was taken to Egypt, where he was sold to Potiphar, an Egyptian official. He worked hard and eventually became the head of Potiphar’s household. However, Potiphar’s wife made a false accusation against Joseph, and he was thrown into prison.

While in prison, Joseph used his ability to interpret dreams to help some of his fellow prisoners. Word of his talent eventually reached Pharaoh, the king of Egypt. Pharaoh had been having troubling dreams and was looking for someone who could interpret them. Joseph was brought before Pharaoh and successfully interpreted his dream, predicting seven years of plenty followed by seven years of famine.

Impressed by Joseph’s abilities, Pharaoh appointed him as second-in-command in Egypt, in charge of storing grain during the years of plenty and distributing it during the years of famine. During this time, Joseph’s family, including his brothers who had sold him into slavery, came to Egypt looking for food. Joseph recognized them and forgave them, inviting them to settle in Egypt.

Over time, the Israelites grew in number and prospered in Egypt. However, after Joseph’s death, a new pharaoh came to power who did not remember Joseph’s contributions to Egypt. He saw the Israelites as a threat and decided to enslave them, forcing them to work on construction projects such as building the cities of Pithom and Raamses.

Despite their enslavement, the Israelites continued to grow in number, and their harsh treatment only made them more determined to escape. The story of how they eventually gained their freedom is another well-known tale, but it all began with Joseph’s rise to power in Pharaoh’s court.

Jacob and His Family Move to Egypt

Jacob and His Family Move to Egypt

According to the Bible, the story of the Israelites’ enslavement in Egypt began with Jacob and his family’s move to Egypt. Jacob was the son of Isaac and grandson of Abraham, who are considered patriarchs of the Israelite people. Jacob had twelve sons, who were the ancestors of the twelve tribes of Israel.

Jacob and his family moved to Egypt about 400 years before the Israelites’ enslavement began. The reason for their move was a famine that hit their homeland of Canaan, which is present-day Israel. Jacob’s son Joseph was already in Egypt at the time and had risen to a position of power in the court of Pharaoh, the king of Egypt.

Joseph’s rise to power began with a series of events that started with his brothers’ betrayal. Joseph’s brothers were jealous of him because he was their father’s favorite son. They sold him into slavery and told their father that he was dead. Joseph was taken to Egypt, where he was sold to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh’s officials.

Joseph’s intelligence and interpretation of dreams caught the attention of Pharaoh, who appointed him as his chief advisor. Joseph’s leadership and management skills helped Egypt prosper during the famine. He managed the grain reserves in such a way that there was enough food for everyone, including the Israelites who had moved to Egypt.

When Jacob and his family arrived in Egypt, Joseph welcomed them and took care of them. Pharaoh was pleased with Joseph’s work and honored him by offering him a wife and a position of power. Joseph’s family settled in the land of Goshen, where they prospered and multiplied.

However, the Israelites’ prosperity in Egypt did not last long, and their enslavement would eventually come about. Over time, the Israelites became a threat to the Egyptians, who feared that they would become too numerous and powerful. This fear led to the Israelites’ enslavement under a new Pharaoh who did not remember Joseph’s contributions to Egypt.

The story of Jacob and his family’s move to Egypt is a crucial event in the history of the Israelites. It set the stage for their enslavement in Egypt and the eventual exodus led by Moses. It also established the Israelites’ presence in Egypt and their relationship with the Egyptian people.

Jacob’s family’s move to Egypt was driven by necessity, but it ultimately had profound consequences for their descendants. The Israelites’ enslavement in Egypt and their eventual liberation became defining events in their national identity and shaped their beliefs and practices for generations to come.

The Israelites Multiply in Egypt

The Israelites Multiply in Egypt

After Joseph reunited with his family, they settled in Egypt. They were given the land of Goshen and were allowed to live there peacefully. However, with time, their population grew drastically, and they became a threat to the Pharaoh’s political and military power.

The Israelites were blessed with fertility and multiplied quickly. According to Exodus 1:7, “But the Israelites were fruitful and multiplied greatly and became exceedingly numerous, so that the land was filled with them.” The pharaoh felt threatened and became afraid that if he allowed them to continue growing, they would overthrow him and eventually leave Egypt.

As the Israelites multiplied, they also became more influential. They began to contribute to the wealth and prosperity of Egypt with their agricultural and artisan skills. The Pharaoh’s scepter thrived on the success of their work, making the Israelites even more valuable to him.

However, the Pharaoh’s fear of the Israelites overshadowed his appreciation for their contributions, and he eventually decided to enslave them in a bid to control their numbers and limit their influence.

Under the new Pharaoh, the Israelites were subjected to forced labor and harsh working conditions. They were made to work extremely long hours and were given impossible tasks to achieve. They also faced brutal physical punishment and were constantly living in fear of their oppressors.

Joseph’s family, who had initially been welcomed and treated with kindness, were now enslaved and subjected to brutal conditions. The Israelites’ fruitful multiplication became the very reason they were enslaved in Egypt. Although the Pharaoh had once been grateful for their contributions, their growing population had become the reason for their downfall.

In conclusion, the Israelites’ growth much like any other community is proof of God’s blessings. The Pharaoh could not comprehend how a people group can grow in such abundance, and so, like most oppressors, felt threatened by their perceived strength. This led to one of the worst forms of oppression and slavery in history.

The New Pharaoh Feels Threatened by the Israelites

Pharaoh Egypt

The ancient Israelites had lived in Egypt for generations under the rulership of benevolent pharaohs. They prospered and grew in numbers, but a new pharaoh rose to power who did not remember Joseph, the Israelite who had played a crucial role in Egypt’s history. This new pharaoh felt threatened by the Israelites’ growth in numbers and power, leading to their eventual enslavement.

As the Israelites multiplied, the pharaoh became increasingly alarmed of their size, fearing that they might become too powerful and pose a threat to his rule. In an attempt to curb their growth, he issued a decree that all Hebrew baby boys were to be killed at birth. However, this did not put an end to the Israelites’ growth, and they continued to prosper and thrive.

Feeling desperate, the pharaoh resorted to enslaving the Israelites, forcing them to work long hours under grueling conditions. He hoped that this would reduce their population, as well as diminish their strength and influence in Egypt.

The Israelites were forced to endure harsh labor and abuse from their Egyptian masters. They worked in construction, agriculture, and mining, among other back-breaking tasks. Despite the oppression, the Israelites refused to lose their faith and hope for deliverance from their suffering.

The Israelites’ enslavement in Egypt lasted for centuries until a new leader emerged who would lead them to freedom. This leader, Moses, was chosen by God to lead the Israelites out of Egypt and into the Promised Land. With God’s help, Moses confronted the pharaoh, demanding the release of his people. The pharaoh refused, leading God to send ten plagues upon Egypt.

In the end, the pharaoh gave in and released the Israelites from their slavery, allowing them to leave Egypt and start their journey towards the Promised Land. This marks the beginning of the Jewish Passover celebration, which commemorates the Israelites’ journey to freedom from slavery in Egypt.

The story of the Israelites’ enslavement in Egypt is a powerful reminder of the dangers of oppression and the importance of freedom and faith. Despite facing persecution and hardship, the Israelites held onto their belief in God and their hope for salvation. The story teaches us that with determination and faith, we too can overcome the difficult challenges of life.

How Did the Israelites Become Enslaved in Egypt?

slaves in Egypt

The Israelites had arrived in Egypt under the leadership of Joseph, who was highly esteemed by the Pharaoh and had been appointed as his advisor. However, when Joseph and his brothers died, the Israelites became just another group of foreigners in Egypt, and in time, the Pharaohs who succeeded the thrones felt threatened by the growing number and increasing influence of the Israelites in their land. As such, they began to oppress the Israelites and ultimately turn them into slaves.

The Israelites’ Life Before Enslavement

israelites in Egypt

Before the Israelites became enslaved, they lived a relatively comfortable life in Egypt. They settled in the land of Goshen, which was a fertile region in Egypt with plenty of food and water. They were allowed to own property and livestock, and they were able to live according to their own customs and beliefs. However, this changed when the Pharaohs began to perceive their growth in numbers as a threat.

The Pharaoh’s Fear and Decision

Pharaoh in Egypt

The Pharaoh’s fear of the Israelites led him to make a decision that would change the course of their lives. He believed that if the Israelites continued to grow in numbers, they would eventually overpower the Egyptians and take over their land. To curb this, he ordered that all Hebrew baby boys be killed at birth. Thankfully, some were saved by midwives who refused the Pharaoh’s orders. Despite this, the Pharaoh’s fear only intensified, and he came up with an even more drastic solution – enslaving the Israelites.

The Enslavement of the Israelites

slavery in Egypt

In response to his fear, Pharaoh forced the Israelites into slavery, building cities for him and working long, hard hours for little pay. They were forced to live in cramped and unsanitary conditions, with no access to basic necessities such as food and water. The Israelites were treated as subhuman and were subject to cruel and inhumane treatment by their Egyptian overseers. Despite this oppression, the Israelites continued to grow in numbers, and the Pharaoh became even more determined to keep them under his control.

The Exodus from Egypt

Exodus from Egypt

The Israelites’ enslavement lasted for hundreds of years until a man named Moses emerged as their leader. Moses had been raised in the Pharaoh’s palace and was forced to flee Egypt after he killed an Egyptian who was mistreating an Israelite slave. Years later, he returned to Egypt with a message from God, demanding that the Pharaoh release the Israelites from slavery. After a series of plagues that devastated Egypt, the Pharaoh finally relented, and the Israelites were allowed to leave Egypt under the leadership of Moses.

The story of the Israelites’ enslavement and exodus from Egypt is one that has been told for thousands of years. It serves as a reminder of the importance of freedom and the lasting impact of oppression and discrimination. Despite the challenges they faced, the Israelites continued to fight for their rights and their dignity, and their story remains an inspiration to this day.

Moses is Chosen to Deliver the Israelites

Moses is Chosen to Deliver the Israelites

According to the Bible, the Israelites became enslaved in Egypt due to a number of reasons. The Book of Exodus describes how the Pharaohs of Egypt became fearful of the Israelites and their growing numbers and so subjected them to cruel treatment. One of the ways in which they attempted to suppress the Israelites was by enslaving them.

God, however, had a plan to free his people. He chose Moses, an Israelite who had been raised in Pharaoh’s palace, to lead the Israelites out of slavery and back to their homeland of Canaan. Moses was reluctant at first, but God convinced him that he was the man for the job.

Once Moses was convinced, he approached Pharaoh and demanded that he let the Israelites go. Pharaoh refused and instead increased their workload. God then sent a series of plagues upon Egypt to demonstrate His power and convince Pharaoh to release the Israelites.

After the tenth and final plague, in which the firstborn sons of every Egyptian household were killed, Pharaoh relented and allowed the Israelites to leave Egypt. However, his change of heart was short-lived, and he soon pursued them with his army.

Despite being trapped between the Red Sea and the Egyptian army, God again demonstrated His power by parting the sea to allow the Israelites to escape unharmed. Moses then led the Israelites through the desert for forty years before they finally reached Canaan.

Overall, the story of Moses and the Israelites escaping slavery in Egypt is one of the most well-known and significant stories in the Bible. It demonstrates God’s love and protection for His people and shows how faith and obedience to His will can overcome even the most daunting of obstacles.

Why Did the Israelites Become Enslaved in Egypt?

israelites enslaved in egypt

According to the Bible, the Israelites became enslaved in Egypt due to the fact that a new pharaoh who did not know Joseph came into power. Joseph had been sold into slavery in Egypt but eventually rose to power, second only to the pharaoh himself. Due to a famine, Joseph’s family migrated to Egypt where they were treated well. However, after many years had passed the pharaoh that knew Joseph died and a new pharaoh arose who did not recognize the importance and contribution of Joseph in the past.

Life as an Israelite Slave in Egypt

israelites enslaved in egypt

The Israelites were forced to work for their Egyptian masters under cruel conditions. They were made to work long hours and were not allowed to rest. They were beaten, punished, and treated as property. Their sons were taken away and killed, and their daughters were forced into slavery as well.

The Ten Plagues

ten plagues

God sent ten plagues upon Egypt to convince Pharaoh to let the Israelites go. These plagues were supernatural events that affected the daily lives of the Egyptians. The plagues included blood, frogs, lice, wild animals, diseased livestock, boils, hail, locusts, darkness and the death of the first-born.

The Death of the First-born

death of the first-born

The final plague was the death of the first-born, where all first-born children of Egypt would die. The Israelites were instructed to slaughter a lamb and put its blood on their doorposts so that God would “pass over” their homes and not take their first-born. This event is celebrated by Jews every year during Passover.

Pharaoh Agrees to Let the Israelites Go


After the death of his own son, Pharaoh finally agreed to let the Israelites go. The Israelites left Egypt in a journey known as the Exodus. They wandered through the desert for 40 years, guided by Moses and sustained by manna from heaven. The Exodus is considered one of the most significant events in Jewish history as it marks the beginning of their independence as a nation.

The Significance of Passover


Passover is a Jewish holiday that commemorates the Exodus. It is celebrated by Jews around the world with a special meal called a Seder, during which they retell the story of the Exodus and eat specific foods that symbolize different aspects of the story. Passover serves as a reminder of the hardship and suffering the Israelites faced in Egypt and the joy of their release from bondage.

In Conclusion


The story of the Israelite’s enslavement in Egypt and their eventual exodus is a powerful reminder of the enduring human spirit and the strength of faith. It is a story that transcends religion and culture and serves as an inspiration to oppressed people around the world.

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