How Did Coolidge’s Economic Policies Relate to Harding’s?

Economic policies

Greetings, Reader nawafnet!

Welcome to this article that delves into the economic policies of two United States Presidents, Calvin Coolidge and Warren Harding. Both Coolidge and Harding were staunch advocates of economic policies such as “laissez-faire” which emphasized limited government intervention in markets. These policies were intended to spur economic growth and development, provide job opportunities and stabilize the national economy.

In this article, we will discuss how these policies were related, including their strengths and weaknesses, as well as answer some frequently asked questions on the topic. We hope this article will help you understand these two presidents’ economic policies better.


The presidency of Warren Harding

Warren Harding was the 29th President of the United States, serving between 1921-1923. Harding served at an interesting time in American history, at the end of World War I. He inherited an economy that was struggling with high unemployment rates, inflation, and low economic growth. In response, Harding sought to implement policies that would encourage economic growth and development.

Harding’s economic policies

Harding believed that free markets and limited intervention by the government was the best way to spur economic growth. He supported policies that cut taxes, reduced government regulation and promoted trade growth. He aimed to restore normalcy to the economy and reduce the government’s involvement in everyday business activities of its citizens.

The Presidency of Calvin Coolidge

Calvin Coolidge succeeded Harding as President in 1923 after Harding died suddenly in office due to health reasons. He continued his predecessor’s economic policies, emphasizing the role of the free market and limited government intervention.

Coolidge’s economic policies

Coolidge strengthened some of Harding’s policies, his administration pursued tax cuts, reduced regulations, and low government spending, which led to record economic growth. This period was called the “Roaring Twenties”. However, this economic prosperity was cut short by the Great Depression that followed almost a decade later.

How did Coolidge’s economic policies relate to Harding’s?

Both Harding and Coolidge believed that a free market system was the best way to promote economic growth. Additionally, they supported tax cuts to stimulate economic demand, low government spending, and reduced regulation to ease the burden on businesses. However, some of Coolidge’s policies went further than those of his predecessor, which led to the prosperity of the twenties.

Table: A Comparison of Harding and Coolidge’s Economic Policies

Warren Harding Calvin Coolidge
Cut Taxes Cut Taxes
Reduced government regulation Reduced government regulation
Promoted trade growth Promoted trade growth
Stressed business growth Stressed business growth
Implemented laissez-faire policies Implemented laissez-faire policies
Reduced government spending Reduced government spending

Strengths and Weaknesses of Coolidge’s Economic Policies Compared to Harding’s


The strength of Harding and Coolidge’s economic policies was their commitment to free-market principles, including low taxes, low regulation, and limited government involvement. The introduction of these policies played a major role in removing barriers to job opportunity and allowed businesses to operate without the burden of excessive government regulations.

Due to Coolidge’s continuation and strengthening of some of Harding’s policies, his presidency marked a period of high economic growth and low unemployment rates. As a result, the nation experienced reduced government spending, and the economy benefited from increased private-sector investment.


One weakness of these policies was that the rush to cut taxes and reduce regulations somewhat overburdened the economy and caused the boom and bust cycles of that period. Another weakness was that these policies primarily helped those who were already well-off, while those in poverty remained largely unaffected. The government also failed to offer assistance to those struggling day-to-day, leading to an increase in income inequality.


1. What is laissez-faire?

2. What was the economic situation before Harding became President?

3. What was the economic situation after Coolidge became President?

4. What policies did Coolidge emphasize?

5. What policies promoted the growth of the American economy?

6. Has similar economic policies been implemented in modern times?

7. What caused the Great Depression of 1929?

8. What is the difference between economic policies of Democrats and Republicans?

9. What role did Harding and Coolidge play in the post-World War I economy?

10. How did trade growth impact the economy during this time?

11. What measures did both leaders take to cut government spending?

12. Why did Coolidge’s policies work better than Harding’s?

13. Has anyone since Coolidge has implemented laissez-faire policies?


In conclusion, Harding and Coolidge’s economic policies reflected their commitment to free markets and limited government involvement. These policies succeeded to an extent, leading to a period of record growth, economic prosperity and job opportunities. However, these successes were short-lived, the policies mainly benefited the wealthy and contributed to cycles of boom and bust. Governments continued to seek policies that promote economic growth to this day, as for the precise combination of policies that will lead to the greatest long-term welfare of the country, only time will tell.

Thank you, Reader nawafnet, for taking the time to read this article. We hope it gave you a rich understanding of Harding and Coolidge’s economic policies. We encourage you to take some time to consider how these policies were related and the strengths and weaknesses of each. If you have any questions, we are here to help. Don’t hesitate to leave your comments below.


This article does not provide investment, tax, or business advice. It is for informational purposes only. The reader is responsible for their own financial decisions and should consult a financial professional before making any investment decisions. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of any other agency of the United States Government.

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